Institute of Art History, The Jagiellonian University, Krakow, 10am, 17 September 2012
This, the 5th workshop in the ICE series and the second one funded by the AHRC, initiated the theme of ‘Language and Translation’ examining the idea of a universal language of visual form, as it developed through the vernacular revival at the fin de siècle. It took place in Kraków, which at the turn of the twentieth century became a centre of Polish art and architecture. On 18 September the group took a field trip to Zakopane, a centre for Polish vernacular architecture, where Stanisław Witkiewicz created the national “Zakopane Style”, which was in part a response to the British Arts and Crafts Movement (visits were made to the Villa Koliba, the Tatra Museum, the Villa Under the Firs and the Chapel in Jaszczurowka).
The geographical reach of the workshop was broad, with papers on the Czech-speaking lands, Finland, France, Japan, New Zealand, Poland and Spain. In all these places, the vernacular was seen to embody local traditions, but it also encouraged new interpretations of the connections between art in different localities. The sense of affinity between different vernaculars stimulated the search for an international ‘language’ of art, based on a shared ‘alphabet’ of basic forms such as line, ornament and geometry. The notion of form as language, in the context of national revivals and the formation of international networks, was a focus of our discussion.
This event was convened by Dr Andrzej Szczerski.
- Andrzej Szczerski (The Jagiellonian University, Krakow)
- Grace Brockington and Sarah Victoria Turner (ICE network convenors)
9.30-11.00: Session 1
- Alison Smith (Tate Britain) ‘Pre-Raphaelitism in Poland’
- Piotr Kopszak (The National Museum, Warsaw), ‘Henri Gaudier-Brzeska and his French-German-Polish-English interests’
11.30-13.00: Session 2
- Leonard Bell (University of Aukland), ‘Synthesising Maori and Jugendstil ornamental motifs in early C2Oth New Zealand: towards a ‘universal language of form’ and a nationally distinctive settler-colonial design’
- Andrew Ginger (University of Bristol), ‘Pi I Margall’s Prophecy: Universalism and the Vernacular Revival’
14.00-15.30: Session 3
- Charlotte Ashby (Birkbeck, University of London), ‘Building in wood: Finnish ornament and international models’
- Marta Filipova (University of Wolverhampton), ‘Reconciling modernism: the vernacular revival, nationalism and modernism in the Czech speaking lands’
16.00-17.30: Session 4
- Helena Capkova (Waseda University), ‘Bohemian Japonisme in the context of the vernacular revival at the fin de siècle’
- Andzej Szczerski (The Jagiellonian University), ‘Zakopane style and its internationalist agenda’